Foreign Vehicle Importation - Overview
Importing a vehicle permanently into Mexico can be confusing, frustrating and, in some cases, impossible. The rules are fairly restrictive so if you are interested in permanently importing your vehicle into Mexico, and getting Mexican plates, then you need to understand the process and plan ahead. It isn't something you can do when you arrive at your crossing point.
Importing a vehicle into Mexico has become a hot topic as a result of the new immigration rules which require that FM3 holders convert to "permanent" residency (Residente Permanente) status after 4 years, which will result in the loss of their Temporary Import Permit (TIP). These folks will have to import their vehicle, or remove it from Mexico. At the time of this writing, there are questions about the time that might be allowed for someone going Residente Permanente to accomplish one of these options. Having said that, there is no question that conversion to Residente Permanente status means that a vehicle that is in Mexico on a TIP must leave or be permanently imported.
An important change that has been made as part of the new immigration rules is that FM3 holders can no longer import their vehicle into Mexico.
If your car becomes illegal due to visa changes, visa’s expiring, or whatever reason, you can apply for a free temporary permit that gives you 3-5 days to remove the vehicle from Mexico. Check out Aduanas website for instructions on how to apply for this permit. Unfortunately, at the time of this writing, the English translation link was not working.
Some snowbirds may be tempted to let their visas expire so that they can simply re-apply for a new temporary resident's visa. However, that creates a couple of problems:
- First of all, Mexican capital gains could become an issue should they own a residence in Mexico; and
- Those who want to re-apply for Residente Temporal must do so from their home country. New applications can no longer be initiated while you are in Mexico.
These issues are complicated topics on their own. For the purposes of this discussion, we will stick with the question of vehicle import permits.
What Vehicles Qualify for Importation?
Cars and non-dually pickups, 8-10 years old, qualify for a Permanent Import Permit, but the expat must be a citizen or resident (FM2, or Immigrado), and the vehicle must be manufactured or assembled in a NAFTA country (USA, Canada or Mexico). Check your VIN to see if your vehicle was made in a NAFTA country and to determine its manufacture date. If the VIN starts with a number (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) then it is a NAFTA vehicle. For a full description of vehicles that can be imported, see Other Vehicles You Can Import in 2013.
Importing a Classic Vehicle into Mexico
Importing a Classic Vehicle into Mexico is possible for Cars 29+ years old. Classic vehicles qualify for free importation as “classics”. These vehicle must be presented at the border for importation. However, if you simply show up, you can expect the process to take up to 3 or more days. You should apply ahead of time for the importation permit, and once it is ready, you can arrive at the border and expect to get processed in a few hours. Contact TioCorp about Insurance for your Classic vehicle.
Other Exceptions and Exempted Areas
Commercial vehicles that are 8-9 years old vehicles and designed to haul more than 16 people, cement mixers and other heavy vehicles are allowed to be permanently imported at 10% taxes.
There are special rules for importing 5-9 year old vehicles into the Baja California y California Sur, and special zones of Sonora, but these categories affect few expats, so, we will not discuss these exceptions. There are also special exemptions from requirements to get a vehicle import permit, if the vehicle remains in special “Free Zones” along the border, parts of Sonora, Baja California, and Quintana Roo. The vehicle can enter Mexico without a Temporary Import Permit, but must stay within these zones.
With a Mexico Permanent Importation Permit
- You can sell the car here in Mexico.
- You can keep the car in Mexico as long as you want, regardless of INM status.
- Mexican drivers can drive your car, without you (or some other expat) being in the car; anyone can drive your car.
- You must license the car here, and renew your State registration every year.
- You do not have to go to a (non-airport) Aduana’s office every year to register your new INM permit expiration date.
Temporary Import Permits (TIP)
Foreign cars and pickups (no dually’s) can be temporarily imported by expats with FMM’s (Visitor and Tourist Visas), and Resident Temporal INM permits (what used to be called FM3′s No Inmigrante Rentista & No Inmigrante Lucrativo) by getting a Temporary Import Permit (permiso de importación temporal de vehículos) from Aduana/Banjercito.